In order to monitor the human rights situation in the world it is very important to follow constitutional changes and legislation in different countries and their compliance with international regulations. At the moment, the burning topic is the referendum in Turkey which enables a far greater concentration of power in the hands of President Erdogan, but what does that mean for Turkey and relations in Europe the lawyer from Istanbul Ayşenur Kölgesiz explained to us: “This means that the president takes the helm of executive power as well as the leadership of the country, while maintaining ties with the party. He will have the power to appoint and dismiss ministers, elected judges, prepare the budget and make certain laws by decree, and he will be able to voluntarily dissolve parliament and declare a state of emergency” Most of these changes will happen with the beginning of the new mandate in the 2019.

Ayşenur Kölgesiz (Turkey) © 2017 ph: vladimir opsenica
Ayşenur Kölgesiz (Turkey)
© 2017 ph: vladimir opsenica

Latvia is emerging as a positive example of the use of the constitutional appeal by the German model. Vice President of ELSA Latvia Madara Melnika explained the importance of these terms: “The important thing is that a constitutional complaint may be submitted to the Constitutional Court by any individual who believes that any order compromised his fundamental rights on the basis of decisions that are not in line with higher legal acts. This is not the first option that can be used, but it applies only in cases that a person have gone through all relevant institutions dealing with specific rights of citizens or if they do not exist, but it is certainly an important term that allows all citizens to take legal actions in order to protect their rights.

Medara Melnika (Latvia) © 2017 ph: vladimir opsenica
Medara Melnika (Latvia)
© 2017 ph: vladimir opsenica

Laura Sirpoma from Finland explained the importance of the International Criminal Court as a universal body that allows human rights violations to be treated as a matter of law and not politics. However, the problem is in the most powerful world countries that refuse to ratify it: “The most powerful countries such as the USA, China and Russia have not yet ratified Article 8 of the Statute, although these are countries that are permanent members of the UN Security Council.”

Laura Sirpoma (Finland) © 2017 ph: vladimir opsenica
Laura Sirpoma (Finland)
© 2017 ph: vladimir opsenica